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The Cawthra Ratepayers'
 Residents' Association (CRRA)
and the

 Station B  Box 1504  Mississauga  Ontario  L4Y 4G2 -


1994  - 1995  -  1996  - 1997  - 1998  - 1999  -  2000  - 2001  -  2002

    The Cawthra Bush is a large 22.3 hectare or 55.1 acres (and shrinking due to City of Mississauga's activities), healthy, and diverse remnant old growth forest/ecosystem located within the urban environment of Mississauga at Cawthra Road and the QEW.   Studies have stated that the forest vegetation of the Cawthra Bush is notable and worth preserving and that the plant communities provide excellent examples of mixed deciduous woodland of Southern Ontario.

     The Cawthra Bush is one of the City's largest forest in Mississauga on table land (or not located in a river valley), and is the third largest woodland area.  The entire woods has been owned by the City of Mississauga since 1994.  It also contains two separate watersheds and perched (raised) water tables.  The Cawthra Bush has great diversity for a forest of its size and contains a variety of habitats: i.e. * hardwood forest * meadow groves * wetland marshes * edge communities.

     Two stand types or forest cover exist in the Cawthra Bush.  Because of logging that took place in the 1920's in the top two-thirds of the forest, a Sugar Maple - White Ash - Red Maple forest stand was created.  Most trees were in the 80 to 90 year old range when the City started to remove the old trees in 1994.  Those that remain are getting close to 100 years old (or old growth).  The southern bottom third goes all the way back to the ice-age as being an uncut or undisturbed Sugar Maple - American Beech forest stand.  Some of these trees are estimated to be over 125 years old.

     The Cawthra Bush is home to many environmentally significant plant and animal species, as well as rare and threatened species such as the Jefferson Salamander.

The site has been designated as follows:

*     An Environmental Protection Area (EPA) by the City of Mississauga.

*     The Region of Peel recognizes the woods as a Core Area of the Greenlands System in Peel.

*     An Environmentally Significant Area (ESA) by the Credit Valley Conservation.

*     A Regionally Significant Area of Natural and Scientific Interest (ANSI) by the Ministry  of Natural Resources.

*     A Provincially Significant Wetlands Complex by the Ministry of Natural Resources  (MNR).

*     The MNR also states that the Cawthra Bush is "noteworthy for its broadleaf swamps."

*     The Cawthra Bush has been cited by the Waterfront Regeneration Trust as the "Best representation of naturally vegetated bevelled till
        plain along the Waterfront."   The Waterfront Regeneration Trust deals with
the lake front from Burlington to Port Hope.

The animal species that reside in the Cawthra Bush include:

*     The Jefferson Salamander and the Committee on the Status of endangered Wildlife In Canada (COSEWIC) declared (Nov. 2000) the
       Jefferson Salamander to be a Federally Threatened Species.  The
Cawthra Bush is very likely the last place in Mississauga that the
       Jefferson Salamanders can be found.  The Jefferson complex salamanders or hybrids with their mixed chromosomes, are also present.

        Jefferson Salamanders are part of a group of salamanders that are known as mole salamanders, as they live deep in the ground in holes,
        often dug by small mammals, such as moles, voles and mice.  As the
presence of these animals is important to the survival of the
        Jefferson Salamander, it would seem logical that the City should make some
effort to study them in the Cawthra Bush.  To our
        knowledge, the City has made no such effort.  Does anyone out there want to the first?

        Generally, the FCB & CRRA are concerned that the City has not made specific commitments to ensure the survival of both the Jefferson
        Salamanders and its habitat.

*     A variety of different bird species including the Wood Duck and Pileated Woodpecker have been noted.  Red-shouldered Hawks have
       been noted
as nesting there and there is evidence of recent hunting activity by raptors.  Many different bird species use it as a stopover
       point on spring
and fall migrations.
*      Red foxes, raccoons, skunks, black & grey squirrels, cottontail rabbits, groundhogs, bats, and other small mammals have been observed
        around the Cawthra Bush.

*       Reptiles include, Garter snakes and Little brown snakes.

*       Amphibians noted are American toads and long term local residents
remember frogs as being there as well.  Cawthra is also home to
         Red-backed salamanders.
         Most of the listed amphibians and reptiles were not found by government-employed consultants.  They were found by efforts of the
         FCB & CRRA.
*        Other species found there include Chimney building Crayfish, (the largest invertebrate in the Cawthra Bush and rare in the GTA
           area), as well as Fairy Shrimp, a vernal pond species.

     The diverse ground cover includes White Trilliums and Red Trilliums that can cover large sections of the forest floor in the spring, as well as wild Leek, false Solomon's-seal and yellow trout lily.  The ground flora shows far less disturbance than other forests in Mississauga.

In terms of plant life, the Cawthra Bush has:

*     High native FQI (57.67) and native mean coefficient (4.17)

*     Diversity of plant species (292 species)

*     Twelve plant species documented from this site are considered to be rare within the City  (known from 3 or fewer locations).

*     Thirty-four (34), plant species documented from this site are considered to be uncommon within the City (known from 4 to 10 locations).

     The academic community (such as the Royal Ontario Museum, the Universities of Guelph and Toronto, just to name a few), has written dozens of letters supporting residents' concerns and efforts, identifying the Cawthra Bush as worthy of the effort to save its ecosystem and wildlife.  They are posted on my web-site.

     Paul F. Maycock, Forest Ecologist at Erindale College/University of Toronto, has stated that the Cawthra Bush is an old-growth ecosystem, which is very rare in an urban setting and that the City refuses to recognize this fact.  Professor Maycock's interest in the Cawthra Bush goes back to 1959.  He has compared the results of his species sampling to his international sampling of other "mesic old growth deciduous forests throughout the North Temperate Region."  He is writing a paper on this.  It was found that in terms of numbers of species, "Cawthra stood 50th in a total of 60 stands".  Cawthra also has a "colder than normal microclimate", probably due to its high water table.  He noted that species normally found further south or north are found in the Cawthra Bush or, "Cawthra has the best of both forest worlds in Ontario - north and south."

     The members and supporters of the FCB & CRRA have, over the years,  held forest clean-ups, made presentations in local schools regarding the Cawthra Bush and ecology, in general, lobbied hard over the years for a wetlands evaluation (which likely would not have happened if not for public pressure), circulated thousands of petitions, held public meetings (like the one at the Cawthra Estate house that began this campaign and which I was elected to lead), held fund raising events, addressed numerous City of Mississauga Council and Region of Peel Council meetings, and even debated a City Councillor on TV (and, by most accounts won!)  There have been dozens of newspaper articles and letters about the Cawthra issue; and Bob Hunter, the City TV environmental reporter, has twice been out to Cawthra to cover developments.  The CBC conducted a radio interview in forest.

     As the varieties of salamanders (three kinds), threatened crayfish and fairy shrimp were found in the Cawthra Bush by FCB members - not by the consultants paid by government to study Cawthra's ecosystem.  Concerned residents have out-performed the City-paid consultants and City staff, to find three important wetland species and better ways of managing the old-growth/wetlands ecosystem that is the Cawthra Bush.

     Ultimately, we want to save and have the Cawthra Bush managed as an old-growth/wetlands ecosystem, natural and wildlife sanctuary and used primarily as an educational rather than a recreational area.

     In general, a forested area like the Cawthra Bush has a great impact on the local climate and on maintaining the quality of water, soil, and the air.  The Cawthra Bush helps provide a more pleasing summer climate and warmer winters for the local residents by regulating the temperature.  This is done by releasing water vapour into the air through leaf transpiration and, in turn, affecting humidity and temperature extremes.  Trees act as windbreaks and noise barriers around houses, as well as, providing privacy.  Forests filter pollutants from the air and absorb carbon dioxide while releasing oxygen.  Forests also act as reservoirs and purifiers of groundwater and surface water.  They slow down surface water runoff, thus reducing erosion and adding to groundwater storage because of high soil permeability.  Tree roots and soils take up chemicals from the water.

     By acting as natural air filters, they help to limit the harmful pollution that we breathe each day.  Healthy just to look at, a forest or natural area has been shown to have a healing and de-stressing effect.  Imagine the extra benefits of the whole functioning ecosystem.  A functioning ecosystem is both self-sustaining and a very low cost way to enrich the community and your families' lives.  Having a large stand of trees located nearby increases the value of one's home.  Because the benefits are mostly unseen, people need to be educated.  They need to know that forests are there working for and doing their part for our community's betterment.  There are also a number of schools nearby that can use the woods for outdoor education opportunities.

    The other side of this issue is the City of Mississauga and its actions, its plans for the Cawthra Bush and how it treats taxpaying Mississaugans who are trying to exercise their right to be fully informed and participate in decision-making regarding their community.

     In 1994 the City's idea of managing a forest was to log and tree farm it, as well as changing its forest succession and ecology by using chain saws - a plan that was to start in the Cawthra Bush and then be applied to all City forests thus eliminating old-growth features as it goes and making sure they do not develop.  The old-growth trees, or soon to be old-growth, were to be sold for fire wood and saw logs.  This plan was approved without public involvement or input and despite anything the City says, could still take place, in the future, after public resistance is removed.

     The Cawthra Bush, unfortunately, is threatened and has already been heavily impacted on and needs to be protected from further detrimental City of Mississauga activities.  This includes erecting more buildings, opening the forest to the public as a recreation area and not protecting its environmentally significant features, in general.  It was the FCB and CRRA members that found the most significant wildlife and lobbied for a wetlands evaluation, both of which increased Cawthra's environmental significance and, therefore, its protection.

     On the enclosed chronological list of events, it can be seen that the City keeps trying to degrade the Cawthra Bush, a bit at a time, which is the traditional political method for opening an area up to development.  The above environmental significance of the Cawthra Bush proves the City was wrong to say the Cawthra Bush is in decline and requires the removal of hundreds of old trees.  Environmental significance affords the Cawthra Bush its only protection; but we fear its loss, a bit at a time.  Death by a thousand cuts.

     The City has even turned down a free study by the University of Toronto to study Cawthra's unique water table.  Does this sound like a City that wants the best for its forests and communities?

     Freedom of Information requests are the very life blood of the FCB and CRRA's activities to empower the community.  It is with the facts that we go to the public and form our evaluations of the City's plans and statements.  Freedom of Information is a key aspect of democracy, as taxpayers can't make informed decisions unless they have all the facts.  The goal of my requests was to provide to Mississaugans, City records gained by the Freedom of Information process, in order for them to make fully informed decisions.  The City's own documents are used in public meetings or presented to taxpayers right in their homes.

     The City and its Mayor know that my FOI requests are for the purpose of informing/empowering the public/taxpayers with the facts and, more often than not, opposing City plans (as they are inadequate).  They will also show that City staff or its politicians have just plainly not told the truth.  Both the City of Mississauga and the office of the Information and Privacy Commissioner/Ontario know that I am the leader of the FCB and CRRA and its chief researcher.  Nonetheless, they refuse to acknowledge the facts, evidently, as they would support the right of Canadians to know what their government is really up to.

     Many FOI requests have been made regarding the Cawthra Bush and not just to the City of Mississauga.  FOI requests have been made to the Region of Peel and the Ministry of Natural Resources, but it is only the City of Mississauga that gets upset with these FOI requests (to discover the facts).  At the beginning, I was warned by those who have dealt with the Mayor of Mississauga before, that she was very abusive and did so to drive away people who were opposing City plans.  So I stepped up to take the brunt of her abuse.  After all, many FCB & CRRA supporters are seniors.  In time, I also became the most informed person in the group as to how the City worked and the issues surrounding the Cawthra Bush.  And as the old saying goes, cut off the head and the body dies.  The City targets me to eliminate community opposition.

 (Not all public meetings, events, etc., are not listed but here is a sampling)


     Without consulting with Mississaugans, the City of Mississauga decides to log and tree-farm the forested areas that it owns, starting with the Cawthra Bush.  The public is enraged; and the Friends of the Cawthra Bush & Greater Mississauga Area (FCB) is created.  Later, the Cawthra Ratepayers and Residents Association (CRRA) is formed.  The City shuts out these groups when they disagree with the City's plans.  To date the CRRA is the only ratepayers group in the history of the City of Mississauga that is not officially recognized by the City.  A pattern of personal attacks and false allegations against members of the public, rather than dealing with the issues, becomes the City's method of dealing with those in opposition to its plans.

Jan. 27 - 1994
     A public meeting was held on a stormy winter night.  About 20 people attended ... there was that much concern in the community.  This was the City's information meeting that was to simply tell residents about the logging and tree-farming, because it had already been approved!  Those attending were not given the facts regarding the planned logging, nor were they shown or told about past biological studies that pointed to just how environmentally significant the Cawthra Bush is.  The City was not allowed to make its full presentation as those in attendance didn't believe what the City was saying and questioned everything.  At the end, the (then) Ward Councillor stood up and said it was clear that we all agreed with City plans.  I contacted those who attended and got letters from the majority stating they did not agree and had not expressed agreement.

    The City of Mississauga was going into the Cawthra Bush to start logging and tree farming and this forest management was part of the unapproved Master Plan.  This was all without public input or involvement prior to approval by City Council.  This plan is to be used to log and tree farm all of Mississauga's forested lands.

Feb. 1 - 1994
     The logging operations began in the Cawthra Bush.  The City goes on to Provincial land (as some of the Cawthra Bush was at that time), and log it without properly informing the Province of its intentions.  Logging was soon discontinued due to the protests/concerns raised by citizens and the onset of milder weather, after approximately half of the logging was completed.

Feb. 20 - 1994
     Founding meeting for the Friends of the Cawthra Bush & Greater Mississauga Area.  Donald Barber was given the support of some 70 people at this public meeting held in the Cawthra Estate house, to part of the groups to present/represent the public's concerns regarding the Cawthra Bush to City Hall.  The FCB is a reasonable and educated group who are committed to informed decision making regarding the future of the Cawthra Bush.  The FCB feels that if the citizens are properly informed about the City's plans and the real alternatives to them, then sound decisions can be made on the future of the Cawthra Bush.

July 19 - 1994
     The Mayor unlawfully shuts down my legal right to access City records, by way of the FOI Act, on behalf of the community.  Hazel McCallion gave these directions to Arthur Grannum (acting City Clerk) and Joan LeFeuvre (the City's FOI Co-ordinator), to violate City By-law 53-91 (a By-law that removes politicians from the FOI process), and they did so.  A recording of the Mayor stating that the records will not be provided can be heard on my web-site.  This was done in an election years and FOI requests were not restarted till after the election and too late for the community to get the facts about a watermain that was constructed in the winter of 1995.


     In the winter of 1995, a watermain was constructed through the eastern edge of the Cawthra Bush as an addition to the two watermains already present in the ground from many years before.

     The Urban Forest Management Advisory Committee (UFMAC) was formed as a result of the questions raised by citizens during the stopping of the City's logging of the Cawthra Bush.  This Committee was formed to develop a "woodlot management policy" for the City.  It is being developed by a group of two councillors, City staff, and five experts in their fields (ie. biology, botany, forestry, etc.) who are supposed to be representative of the public.  However, there are no general members from the community which is usually the case on these committees.   Those who do not want their reputations used by the City for anti-environmental actions, soon leave UFMAC.

Nov. 6 - 1995
     As a result of numerous letters to involved parties over concerns that the watermain trench had become an underground water course and was threatening the long term safety of the Canadian National Railway tracks, the Ontario Clear Water Agency responded (Jeff Marshall, President and C.E.O.), that there was now concern over water movement in the trench and action would be taken.  The FCB had documented that more than 40,000 gallons of water a day was being drained out of the Cawthra Bush and surrounding area by the trench in which the watermain had been installed.


May - 1996
     The FCB leads the effort to stop the City's plans to deforest the entire east side of the Cawthra Bush (the easement area).  In this case, the City presented its plans to Mississaugans saying there was no choices or alternative to them.  The FCB did the research and drafted an alternative plan which, with the support of the community, was the one the City was made to accept.

    Deforestation of the east side of the Cawthra Bush was prevented by informed residents petitioning and lobbying the City to let the forest grow back a forest edge along the route of the newly installed watermain.  The City had said the area cleared by the watermain construction was to be mostly kept clear of anything woody, such as trees and shrubs, forever, in case maintenance on the pipe was needed (which, by all accounts, was very unlikely).

    The City had proposed to have an open grass field scattered with "flowers" for the attraction of butterflies.  The City wanted to take the $200,000 it was given to reforest the construction zone and plant a butterfly garden.  It wanted the public to approve this.  Public pressure forced the City to change its plans so that a proper forest edge could grow and to recognize trees and shrubs could grow in the easement area.


    The Jefferson Salamanders, rare amphibians, are found in the
Cawthra Bush by the FCB.

     City succeeds in framing me and limiting my FOI requests.  As a bonus, the IPC rules that the City can refuse any FOI requests the City wishes to claim are somehow related to me.  The mere claim of guilt by association is enough; and to legalize this in Canada is an insult to democracy itself.  As we, the FCB are too poor to challenge this in courts, it stands.  This will be used to end Ontarians' rights to access records about the Cawthra Bush and discover exactly what the Mayor of Mississauga needs to carry out her political agenda.

July 9 - 1997
     The Peel police are sent to my home as Ward 1 Councillor, Carmen Corbasson (and Ward 7 Councillor, Nando Iannicca), hopes to end community resistance to City plans for the Cawthra Bush by intimidating me.   Using the FOI Act to get a copy of Peel police notes, I learned that the reason the Peel police were at my door was because they were concerned about my "demeanour".  That's right.  In the City of Mississauga, politicians send the police to your door if they don't like your attitude!  As I said before. as the old saying goes, cut off the head and the body dies.

Dec. 10 - 1997
     The City held a public meeting to present its so-called "new" forest management plans for the Cawthra Bush.  In reality, it's just the same old plan reworded and repackaged.  Residents rejected it and turn out was good for a winter storm night.  An effort was made for a vote to be taken, but the City refused that.  Although the City will not accept and did not record this fact in the minutes of this meeting, it does go about changing its plans.


     For the first time the City tries to work with the FCB but it is soon discovered that the City is wording the minutes of our meetings to claim agreement, where there is none.  An effort is made to correct the minutes but the City refuses to meet with the FCB again.  This is part of a pattern by the City that includes threatening letters from City lawyers and the police sent to my home, to shut out our group and the community in general, from dealing meaningfully with the City.  Because the local Councillor and the City make no effort to deal with other members of our groups of whom they are aware, it is clear they are inventing excuses of a defamatory nature to avoid dealing with taxpayers who know a bad plan when they see it and have every reason not to agree with the City as there are better solutions.  The City centres its harassment on me in the hope that taking action against me will end the community's effort to save the Cawthra Bush.

    City staff and politicians make a point of creating records that make it appear as if I act alone with no community support.  The Ward Councillor does not attend our public meetings and when large numbers of FCB and CRRA members attend City meetings, the City does not note that fact in anyway.  The old saying about those who control the minutes of the meeting, control the meeting, is taken very seriously by the City.

     The newly discovered Burrowing or Chimney Building Crayfish (the largest invertebrate in the Cawthra Bush), is also a wetland creature and considered threatened in the GTA.  This only adds to the list as to why hydrology is a key element at the Cawthra Bush.  The City was told about the Crayfish, but didn't even call for any details, let alone to say thank you for their discovery.  There is still the chance that there are more important elements of the Cawthra ecosystem that are yet to be discovered.

Sept. 29 - 1998
     A false affidavit or oath is signed by Mrs. LeFeuvre (Acting Deputy City Clerk), as a part of the planning process regarding the Cawthra Bush.  I am not the only person to make such a complaint against her.  More on my web-site.  As a part of the Official Plan process, I addressed the Planning and Development Committee on Aug. 4/98.  This Committee was made up of elected members of Council.  The minutes taken didn't factually represent the concerns expressed at the meeting.  Again, City staff created a false record of events.  Joan LeFeuvre signs an oath, that a copy of ALL written submissions are being passed on to the approving body (the Region of Peel), as a part of the City's Official Plan process.  An official FOI request proves, ALL but mine were passed on.

Nov. 18 - 1998
     Founding meeting for the CRRA.  A ratepayers group is formed to help save the Cawthra Bush and to represent the community's concerns regarding the environment in the area of the Cawthra Bush to the City of Mississauga in a more effective and traditional fashion.

Dec. 7 - 1998
     A letter to UFMAC [#79].  It notes there are now 1,305 petitions supporting our efforts rejecting City's plans for the Cawthra Bush; and 539 signatures affirming that I represent their concerns to the City of Mississauga.  This is in regard to just one series of petitions.  There have been other series of petitions noting different issues.

Dec. 10 - 1998
     Region of Peel Council meeting.  The newly formed Cawthra Ratepayers' and Residents' Association and the Friends of the Cawthra Bush and Greater Mississauga Area, banded together to convince the Region of Peel not to approve City planning policies for the Cawthra Bush area - a move also supported by the Ministry of Natural Resources.  This is another example of the City not listening to the FCB & CRRA, but when other more responsible levels of government do listen, they cannot support City plans.


July 2 - 1999
     The City refuses to recognize the CRRA and states, in writing, as their first and foremost reason, a City policy that states, "Groups whose primary purposes, goals and objectives are in opposition to, or in conflict with, the goals and objectives of the City of Mississauga as disclosed and demonstrated by its decisions, actions, plans, by-laws, policies, programs, or otherwise, are not eligible for assistance under this program."

Aug. 26 - 1999
     First General meeting of the FCB & CRRA.  A well-attended meeting of about 80 persons.  Monies collected allow us to put out our largest mailing to date and to get people out for important meetings.

Sept. 13 - 1999
     UFMAC meeting.  The City was overwhelmed by the near 80 persons who attended.  Since the City didn't believe Mississaugans would stand up on this issue, they were caught off guard.  The meeting room was too small and there were not enough chairs.  City staff were falling over themselves trying to not look bad but to no avail.  The City's consultant was discredited by the City!  The Councillors suddenly felt the need to send the Plan back to staff for rewording and in the confused debate that followed, it took two votes do this.

Nov. 29 - 1999
     An UFMAC meeting.  The big one that was set to approve the City's forest management plans for the Cawthra Bush.  The media and the Mayor were there.  More then 100 FCB & CRRA members showed up to say "no" to City plans.  Some 30 persons from the audience had to leave their chairs and stand beside me in support of an effort to allow me to finish my address, as UFMAC and the Mayor were attempting to not allow this.  We were successful in that effort, but not in stopping the approval of the City's forest management plans.  This goes to show how hard Mississaugans have to fight even for the right to simply be heard.  A video tape that showed the tens of thousands of gallons of water being drained from the forest area toward a new subdivision and the CN tracks, was not allowed to be shown until after the meeting.  Does this sound like a City that who cares about the facts or aiding taxpayers to become fully informed?

    It should be noted that, when one person writes a letter of protest, that letter represents 100 other people in the community who share the same view.  For each single person that had the courage to stand and challenge the government for our group's right to be heard, means there would actually be a 1000 or more Mississaugans' for each of those persons who actually rose from their seats to stand beside me, that night.

Nov. 30 - 1999
     Rogers Cable 10 debate between Councillor D. Culham and me.  The vast majority of people who watched say I won the debate.  It showed I could present the issues in an intelligent and reasonable fashion, when given the chance.

Dec. 15 - 1999
     City Council approves its Forest Management Plan for the Cawthra Bush.  I make a presentation but don't move our Councillors with reason.


Jan. 23 - 2000
     A public protest  was held at the entrance to the Cawthra Community Centre when its grand opening was also being held.  In the middle of a Canadian winter, more than 20 Mississaugans came out to hold signs and hand out flyers.  Those passing by and stopping for more information were very supportive of our efforts.

May 4 - 2000
     A general meeting of the FCB & CRRA is held and the question is put to the members, "Where do we go from here?"  It is voted on and all members agree that we should appeal to the City to reconsider its plans for the Cawthra Bush and to appeal the City's refusal to recognize the CRRA.

Aug. 23 - 2000
     The Cawthra Bush Wetlands Evaluation was reviewed by Steve Varga (Inventory Biologist) for the Ministry of Natural Resources, who states, "it is a Provincially Significant Wetland Complex."  It took years of pressuring the City but it was well worth it!  After three years of drought, it was looking bleak indeed that the Cawthra Bush would ever be declared a wetlands.  However, the Cawthra Bush came through and is found to be so significant as to be declared Provincially significant.  In the past, the FCB has given Mr. Varga a tour of the Cawthra Bush in support of upgrading its environmental significance.

Oct. 25 - 2000
     The Halloween "Haunted House" at the Cawthra Estate house.  An annual fund-raiser for the United Way by City staff, that the FCB & CRRA has attended every year since it's inception in order to get petitions signed to help save the Cawthra Bush.  The vast majority of who attended were more than happy to, not only sign, but also encourage us as we were fighting the good fight to save the Cawthra Bush.  Members of the FCB & CRRA were threatened with arrest by the Peel police, if we did not leave the Cawthra Bush - a public City park.  Using the FOI Act to get a copy of the police notes, it was found that serious falsehoods were made about our activities.  The fact that there was two other people, who were with me that night, were not even noted by the police.  I was centred out as the target of their falsehoods (which were of the same nature the City accuses me of in its efforts to portray me in a very negative light); and a tape recording of what really happened that night, proves this.  The involvement of City staff in this is also evident.  A complaint was logged against Peel police.

Dec. 13 - 2000
     Addressed City Council regarding the City's plans to destroy a heritage site, the Walled Garden, in the Cawthra Bush and by doing also is destroying remove some of the Jefferson Salamander's habitat.  The minutes of this meeting were changed or censored so that all reference as to the environmental significance of the Cawthra Bush was deleted, as well as the fact that the Jefferson Salamander had just been declared a Federally threatened species.  The City will often create a false records to cover up its actions and create a record that makes my actions wrongfully appear out of line.  Again, the public was denied a reasonable chance to be involved.


Mar. - 2001
     The City returned to Cawthra to continue destroying the Walled Garden.  The Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR), had told the City not to remove the bricks that were the Jefferson Salamander's habitat.  However, the City was caught red-handed doing just that.  I was banned from the Cawthra Bush for 30 days by the City, but called the MNR and had them stop the City from continuing the destruction.

Aug. - 2001
     The Appeal for the City to recognize the CRRA, is denied.  The City now claims that our constitution would let an unlimited number of members join the fight to help save the Cawthra Bush.  This is an example of how City staff and bureaucrats, in general, will deliberately misinterpret what they are presented with.  This is further proof that the City is trying to eliminate community organizations that oppose the City.  Again we have this in writing.

Aug. 21 - 2001
     The City refused the Leader of the Green Party of Ontario, Frank de Jong, his FOI request regarding the Cawthra Bush.  The Leader of the Green Party was informed how the City was using an IPC ruling to legalize government censorship and cover-up, so that other persons who made FOI requests about the Cawthra Bush were refused for no other reason than the City need only claim an association with me, to deny a FOI request.  He undertook submitting an FOI Request as a part of the Green Party's efforts (to aid our community), and he too was refused.  The FOI Request was regarding the Walled Garden in order to discover the facts about how City's plans would endanger a Federally threatened species, i.e. the Jefferson Salamander.  This FOI request clearly stated it was from the Leader of the Green Party.

Oct. - 2001
     A letter from Clayton Ruby, one of Canada's leading Human Rights lawyers, expressing concern that the City and Peel police acted unlawfully at last year's Halloween "Haunted House", when members of the FCB & CRRA were threatened with arrest if they did not leave a public park.  We were simply there getting petitions signed.  Clayton Ruby's letter specifically stated that it was to be presented to City Council so that it could go on the official record.  It came as no surprise that the City refused to let this happen.  I had to go before City Council and raise the issue.  Due to threats from the Mayor, we did not exercise our Canadian Charter Rights that year.


Jan. - 2002
     The UFMAC was informed by the leader of the FCB & CRRA that the City planned to go back into the Cawthra Bush to finish off the Walled Garden and Jefferson Salamander habitat.  Once the situation was explained to them, they voted to put the City plans on hold until they could comment on them.  Proof that the City was wrong to have undertaken its attack on the Walled Garden and the Jefferson Salamander habitat the year before.  Proof that the FCB & CRRA were in the right all along.

Feb. 25 - 2002
     An UFMAC meeting is cancelled due to lack of quorum, as there was no City Councillor who could attend this meeting.  Circumstances similar to this have happened in the past when the City thought it could be caught off guard at an UFMAC meeting.  The Green party was expressing the interest to attending this UFMAC meeting and requesting that UFMAC recommend to City Council that records regarding the Cawthra Bush and Jefferson Salamanders be provided to it so it could review the City activities.

    More on this later as I was assaulted  by City security guards and the lady who was with me, a senior,  cried out in shock and pain & was hurt, a bit.

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